Tooth erosion is when the outer layers of enamel diminish. This is caused by acids contained in certain foods that we may eat. The enamel is the hard outer coating of the teeth. It protects the underlying dentine.

When the enamel deteriorates, it can expose the dentine and cause both sensitivity and pain. Drink liquids high in acid content can cause the tooth enamel to weaken by softening through the loss of mineral content that keeps the enamel hardening. The body’s defence mechanism against this is the saliva.

Under perfect conditions, the saliva negates any progress that an acid may take thereby maintaining a balanced environment inside the mouth. If an excessive amount of acidic liquids and foods are eaten then the action of the saliva can become overwhelmed and not have the ability to maintain the proper balance for the tooth enamel to remain hard enough to protect the dentine. When this happens the enamel may get removed through the act of brushing the teeth and result in extreme sensitivity to hot and cold, which can become painful.



KANATA, ONTARIO- Nail biting is a common societal pet peeve, but your teeth are fed up with the habit, too. The frequent practice of nail-biting can inflict serious health and aesthetic issues on teeth and gums, not to mention fingernail mutilation. Dr. Bartos and Dr. Northcott from Orleans family dentistry practice Trillium Dental explain five reasons why it’s best to kick the nail-biting habit for good.

1. Nail biting can damage dental work and promote teeth movement. Your fingertip may appear to be harmless, but constant gnawing has been shown to shift teeth, cause gaps (known medically as Diastemas) and trigger root reabsorption. The curious phenomenon of root reabsorption occurs when a part of the tooth’s root becomes absorbed by the bone securing it. In short, refrain from nail-biting if you’d like to avoid another round of braces.

2. Nail biting can crack and chip teeth. Few things are more painful than a pulsating toothache, but that’s exactly what might happen if your teeth incur a fracture from biting a tough fingernail. Front teeth usually bear the nail biting brunt, but they aren’t engineered to withstand the constant chewing like molars. Because of this, noticeable chips and painful cracks commonly occur.

3. Nail biting puts gum tissue at risk. The mouth and hands are easily the most germ-concentrated areas of the body. When these are combined, it can make for a few nasty consequences, including gum infections. Sharp edges from chipped or pointy fingernails can slash gums, providing a gateway for an army of potentially dangerous bacteria. Be good to your gums – keep fingernails out of the mouth.

4. Nail biting can spike dental bills. The Academy of General Dentistry estimates that nail biters pay $4,000 more in dental repairs than patients who don’t bite their nails. Enough said!

5. Nail biting can cause bad breath. Our hands are covered with germs, and nail biting ushers those germs inside the mouth. The assortment of oral bacteria, germs and residue from finger foods combine to brew an unpleasant taste. To ensure your breath stays fresh, brush the teeth and tongue twice daily, use an antibacterial mouthwash regularly and stop biting those nails.

Kicking any habit is tricky, but with a few simple tips and good old-fashioned determination, everyone can achieve their goals. For the ladies, try keeping finger nails polished and pretty. This will help by giving you a stylish reason to cease the destructive biting. Guys can pick up bitter tasting nail care products formulated for this purpose at many drug stores. If it’s the chewing sensation you crave, opt for a sugarless gum and keep it handy for when those urges set in.

Patients who have experienced damage to their teeth or gums as a result of habitual nail biting can rely on Kanata dentists Dr. Bartos and Dr. Northcott, who administer a range of general and cosmetic services at Trillium Dental’s five area locations. Popular services include Invisalign, Invisalign Teen, dental implants and porcelain veneers. Cracks and chips can also be corrected quickly and comfortably.


STITTSVILLE, ONTARIO- Most can agree a smile void of a few teeth isn’t the best look, but the top reasons to seek tooth replacement aren’t strictly aesthetic. Did you know failing to replace a missing tooth endangers the health of your smile?

Many Canadians have lost one or more teeth due to a dental condition, mouth trauma or years of poor diet or hygiene habits. We at Trillium Dental, a trusted provider of family dentistry in the Stittsville area, urge you to swiftly replace teeth after they are lost. Here are three reasons why we suggest this:

Mesial Drift

Mesial drift refers to the tendency for teeth to shift naturally toward the front of the smile. This occurs because of the forces at play when we chew food. When a tooth is missing, mesial drift elicits the surrounding teeth to dramatically tilt into space where the tooth once existed. As teeth continue to shift, they fall out of proper alignment. Trillium Dental does offer Invisalign to correct certain cases of malocclusion, but we’d prefer that you avoid the problem altogether.

Should a missing tooth cause surrounding teeth to migrate and become misaligned, it affects more than your smile’s appearance. Overlapping, crooked teeth provide the perfect trap and hiding spot for food particles. If missed by the toothbrush and floss, lingering plaque increases your risk of cavities, gum irritation, and bad breath.

Super Eruption

When there’s no opposing force for a tooth (oftentimes a molar) to press against, the supereruption can take place. This occurs when a tooth rises out of its socket toward space where its opposite once existed, leaving a portion of its root exposed and increases sensitivity to, especially hot or cold temperatures.

The phenomenon of super-eruption typically doesn’t occur unless a tooth has been missing for a few years, but you’ll know when it does. A super erupted tooth looks painful and negatively impacts the appearance of your smile.

Gum Disease

When a tooth goes missing, gum disease is more likely to strike in multiple ways. Once a tooth is lost, the portion of the gum which once supported the tooth is left exposed to dangerous bacteria from lingering food particles. Rapid shifts in teeth caused by mesial drift can irritate gums. The gums around the root of a super erupted tooth can also grow inflamed.

Signs of gum disease include swelling, redness around the gum line, sensitivity, bleeding, and gum recession. Gum disease is a bacterial infection shown to elicit a variety general and oral health repercussions, so be sure to promptly seek help if you suspect your gums are infected.

How We Can Help

Our Ottawa dentists can restore your smile using proven treatments, like dental implants and bridges. Our restorative services include the popular “Teeth in a Day” procedure, which grants you a healthy and beautiful smile that’s natural in appearance in literally one day. These solutions are permanent and require the same amount of maintenance as natural teeth.

All procedures are performed by skilled professionals in a relaxing setting. For your comfort, nitrous oxide and oral and IV sedation options are available. It’s our goal to return your smile back to complete health and appearance while you remain at ease.


STITTSVILLE, ONTARIO– Not surprisingly, what you put in your mouth affects your oral health. What you don’t put in your mouth may have an even greater impact.

Have you been skimping on your vegetables lately? Vitamin deficiencies can manifest in your smile. It’s important to incorporate a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Adequate nutrition plays a major role in your dental health as well as your overall wellbeing. Because oral health is not isolated from the rest of the body, evidence of malnutrition can be found in many areas of the mouth, including the teeth, gums, tongue, lips and cheeks.

At Trillium Dental, a provider of family dentistry in Stittsville, we encourage patients to take note of changes in their mouth. It may be your body’s way of signaling it needs more of a particular vitamin or mineral. Check out how nutrient deficiencies may impact your smile:

Vitamin A or C– A weakened immune response, bleeding gums, poor sense of taste and oral yeast infections are signs of a vitamin A or C deficiency. Load up on broccoli, kale, spinach, leafy greens, carrots, strawberries, citrus, papaya, peaches and red peppers.

Vitamin B2– A lack of vitamin B2 in your diet may translate into lips of an unusually red hue, sores around the mouth and an achy tongue. Eat plenty of broccoli, spinach, lentils and almonds.

Vitamin B3– Overall mouth pain, mouth sores and a swollen tip of the tongue could be an indication you need more vitamin B3. Eat more shrimp, lean ground beef, liver, potatoes and avocados.

Vitamin B6– Is your mouth burning and sore, or is your tongue unusually smooth? Add more vitamin B3 into your diet by enjoying broccoli, spinach, tomato juice, watermelon, bananas, chicken breast and white rice.

Vitamin B12– A shortage of vitamin B12 can show in various ways. Foul breath, mouth sores, fissures on a bright red tongue, dry mouth, impaired taste, bleeding and numbness all point to a vitamin B12 deficiency. Consume foods like poultry, meats, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk.

Vitamin D– Sufficient vitamin D is vital to enjoying good oral health. Some research even suggests vitamin D is more effective at preventing cavities than fluoride. Eat eggs, fatty fish, fortified milk and liver to reduce your chances of experiencing oral yeast infections, tooth softening and increased bleeding in the gums.

Calcium– Calcium promotes strong bones, so it’s no surprise that a lack of it may cause loose teeth, softened teeth and bleeding gums. Try adding more cheese, milk, yogurt, salmon and spinach into your diet.

Magnesium– If your gum tissue is inflamed, eat more artichokes, halibut, green beans, cashews, sunflower seeds, spinach and broccoli for added magnesium.

Zinc– A zinc deficiency can equate to dry mouth, increased vulnerability to gum disease, a numb tongue and a weakened sense of taste. Stock up on spinach, lentils, peas, tomato juice, lean ground beef, lean sirloin steak, plain yogurt and Swiss cheese.

Sometimes, you can have too much of a good thing. It’s important to follow the recommended servings of each food group to ensure you aren’t consuming too much of a particular nutrient. Taking a daily vitamin supplement may be more convenient and easier to measure your intake. Consult with your doctor if you have special dietary needs.

We encourage you to fuel with the right foods to nourish your smile and body. If you spot sudden and unusual changes in your mouth, contact us. Your smile is a window into your general health. Our team of talented dentists can detect and alert you of serious health issues that may extend outside of dentistry.

In addition to keeping tabs on your dental health and overall wellbeing, our Stittsville area cosmetic dentists provide a broad scope of dental solutions, including Invisalign, dental implants and teeth whitening, in the Ottawa, Nepean, Kanata and Orleans areas. Call us to learn more.


KANATA, ONTARIO- Once simply known as a provider of tingly fresh breathe with a bacteria-killing bonus, mouthwash is now being associated with cardiovascular health benefits. Research conducted by the Biomedical Development Corporation wasn’t purposed to hunt for a mouthwash-heart health connection, but findings implied that those who use an oral mouth rinse once every day experienced lower levels of “LDL,” or bad, cholesterol.

The study suggested that mouthwash containing the active ingredient iodine might help to cleanse the arteries. Iodine’s positive effects on health have long sparked curiosity in the medical community, with evidence showing that the naturally-occurring chemical can remedy thyroid issues and bolster the immune system.

So, what do these findings mean to the average dental patient? Ongoing trials are necessary to solidify the claims made in the study, but the discovery reinforces the argument that oral health and cardiovascular health are strongly intertwined. In short, ridding the mouth of harmful bacteria through mouth-washing, brushing and flossing is key to enjoying good overall health.

There’s ample evidence to suggest that poor oral hygiene can induce Endocarditis, an infection of the heart’s inner lining triggered by a bacteria buildup manifested in another part of the body, like the mouth. Excessive plaque and periodontal disease is also believed to be a factor in cardiovascular disease, due to the infection and inflammation oral maladies can generate.

Consequences of bad dental health don’t end at the heart. Links to various illnesses and inadequate oral hygiene exist, such as diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease. Periodontal disease and jaw bone loss is widely considered a major risk factor for these health issues.

Knowing well that a healthy smile can indicate a healthy body, Kanata general and cosmetic dentists Drs. David Bartos and Mark Northcott at Trillium Dental are dedicated to administering outstanding teeth cleaning and comprehensive oral care to their patients in the greater Ottawa area. Ottawa dental implant providers also provide viable smile solutions such as porcelain veneers, invisible retainers and sedation options. To discover more about Ottawa dentistry and how to better your oral and general health, consult with the professionals at Trillium Dental.


KANATA, ONTARIO- Shocking reports contending diet soda’s effect on teeth mirrors that of crack cocaine and methamphetamine have littered news outlets as of late – but is this assertion true? While the beverage certainly isn’t “good” for teeth, the foundation of the claims has been common knowledge for years. All acidic drinks have the potential to severely damage teeth.

The study published in the journal General Dentistry stated diet soda erodes the teeth in a similar manner as meth or cocaine. Questioning the legitimacy of the claim, some groups fired back by criticizing the study’s subjects. The research centered around three participants- a cocaine user, a meth user and a woman who consumed two liters of diet soda each day. While the woman’s teeth closely resembled the drug abusers’, the study admitted she already had poor oral hygiene and had not received professional dental care in more than 20 years.

No matter what side of the argument you’re on, we can draw two conclusions from the diet soda debacle. Acidic beverages have the potential to wrea

k havoc on the enamel and induce erosion, and regular dental care is key to achieving acceptable oral hygiene.

The acidic properties in drinks like soda, wine, lemonade and fruit juices slowly wear away at the enamel, leaving teeth susceptible to staining, erosion and the bacteria harbored in plaque. Good oral hygiene habits like adequate brushing, flossing and preventative dentistry visits can arm teeth against the damaging effects of acidity. After the consumption of such beverages, drinking plenty of water to rinse away lingering acids and sugars is highly encouraged.

Diet soda can undoubtedly harm teeth, but the damages similar to meth will likely only occur if the consumption is excessive and oral hygiene is neglected. Practicing good judgment while consuming acidic food and drink along with scheduling regular professional cleanings will ultimately determine the health of someone’s smile.

Kanata family dentistry Trillium Dental provides extensive teeth cleanings and fluoride treatments to help diet soda lovers, wine connoisseurs and avid juicers enjoy their favorite beverages in moderation while maintaining a healthy smile. If your teeth have already suffered from erosion and decay, Dr. Bartos (a Stittsville dentist) and Dr. Northcott provide cosmetic solutions such as dental veneers and implants, among others. To learn more, schedule a consultation at Trillium Dental today.