YOUR GUIDE TO PERIODONTAL TREATMENTS

YOUR GUIDE TO PERIODONTAL TREATMENTS

Not many people know what gingivitis or periodontal disease is, yet according to the Canadian Dental Association, nearly 70 percent of Canadians will develop some form of gum disease over the course of their lives. While this figure might come across as alarming at first, it makes sense when you consider the causes of gum disease and the fact that it can go unnoticed for quite some time until you develop painful symptoms. That being said, here is a brief rundown of periodontics and the procedures involved.

WHAT IS PERIODONTICS?

Essentially, periodontics is a branch of dentistry that involves the treatment of the oral structures that surround and support the teeth. These include the jawbone, the gums, and surrounding oral tissue, which can be harmed by the persistent plaque buildup that causes gingivitis and gum disease. In order to combat this, periodontists are able to perform a number of treatments and procedures such as root planing or lasering away the bacteria, as well as gum grafting, crown lengthening, or performing gingivectomies. But don’t panic — these procedures aren’t nearly as scary as they sound.

ROOT PLANING & LASERS

Root planing is the term periodontists use to describe the process of gently removing tartar, or hardened plaque, from along and underneath the gumline with a dental scaler. Often, this painless procedure is done as part of your general dentistry checkups. However, patients who are experiencing mild gum disease, or gingivitis, may have this done to help clear the area of bacteria that caused the gum infection so the receding gums can naturally reattach themselves to the teeth.

Recent advancements in the field of dentistry have also made it possible for periodontists to precisely kill bacteria along the gum line and remove infected gum tissue so that the gums can reattach to the teeth. While this might sound painful, there is usually no need for local anesthesia, and the procedure doesn’t take long to complete.

GINGIVAL GRAFTS & GINGIVECTOMIES

Once a patient’s gum disease has worsened past the mild stage of gingivitis, surgical periodontal treatments may be required with the application of local anesthesia. One of these procedures is gingival grafting, or gum grafting, during which your periodontist will gently graft a small bit of tissue from another area (usually the roof of your mouth), then add it to the receding or diseased gums for support.

Gingivectomies, on the other hand, involves the lasering away of infected gum tissue from the deep pockets of bacteria that develop under the gumline in patients with periodontal disease. This surgical periodontal procedure is only performed in patients with severe gum disease that has attacked and deteriorated the gums, causing them to recede significantly.

CROWN LENGTHENING

Finally, your periodontist may perform a crown lengthening procedure for patients who do not have much natural tooth surface for a dental crown or cavity filling to attach to — as is often the case for those with deteriorated teeth from periodontal disease. During this periodontal procedure, we simply laser away extra gum tissue so that the following restoration process will be most effective.

Interested in learning more about the field of periodontics? Contact us with any questions you may have, and request an appointment at Trillium Dental in Ottawa today!

RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY 101

RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY 101

Restorative dentistry encompasses many different forms of oral surgeries and procedures, from replacing missing teeth and repairing those that are damaged to inserting dental implants and performing root canal treatments. With so many things falling under this umbrella, not many people outside the medical community know what restorative dentistry entails. That being said, here is a little more information about the restorative dentistry procedures we offer at Trillium Dental in Ottawa.

DENTAL IMPLANTS

A procedure commonly performed in the field of periodontics, dental implants are a solution for many patients with missing or deteriorating teeth. At our family dental office, we offer implant-retained dentures that allow patients to eat, drink, and speak as they would with natural teeth. We do this by removing what’s left of the damaged tooth and replacing it with a small titanium post and crown by securing it to the underlying jawbone. Over time, the permanent dental implant will stimulate additional jawbone growth and result in a perfectly functioning set of teeth.

Given that our Smile-In-A-Day dental implants come in the form of implant-retained dentures, they are a great alternative for people with traditional dentures. Rather than falling out and sliding around in your mouth as you speak and chew, our dental implants remain secured in place and don’t inhibit these necessary daily functions.

ROOT CANAL TREATMENTS

Another component of restorative dentistry is root canal treatments, which aim to remove damaged nerve (the “pulpy” center) from the tooth. This is done by numbing the area with a local anesthetic, drilling a small hole in the tooth, and clearing out the bacteria inside. Then your dentist will fill the hole with a sealer and cap it with a dental crown to protect it from further damage, leaving you with a reinforced, functional tooth.

TRADITIONAL & CEREC® DENTAL CROWNS

For many reasons, patients often require either traditional or CEREC® dental crowns to cover up and protect decayed teeth from further damage. This could be a follow-up restorative dentistry procedure from root canal treatments, a component of dental bridging, or an improvement of the appearance of a tooth. At Trillium Dental, we now use CEREC® CAD-CAM technology, so the procedure can be completed in just one appointment rather than two, which is the case with traditional dental crowns.

DENTAL BRIDGES

Also called fixed bridges, dental bridges are a type of prosthetic that secures fake teeth to the surrounding dental crowns (known as the anchor teeth). Dental bridges aim to support the false teeth by permanently adhering to the tooth crowns, keeping them firmly in place so that the fake tooth, or dental implant, is secure. This procedure requires two dental visits, where the first one consists of your dentist filing down the anchor teeth and capping them with temporary dental crowns and bridges, and the second one consists of your dentist replacing the temporary bridge fixture with a permanent one on the anchor teeth via dental cement.

REQUEST AN APPOINTMENT AT TRILLIUM DENTAL

If you’d like to learn more about restorative dentistry, visit the page on our website or give us a call! Our dentists and dental hygienists at Trillium Dental in Ottawa would be happy to answer any questions you may have. And, if you think you might need a restorative dentistry procedure, don’t hesitate to request an appointment online!

NEUROMUSCULAR DENTISTRY: HOW IT WORKS AND WHEN YOU NEED IT

One of the dental services we provide here at Trillium Dental in Ottawa is neuromuscular dentistry, which encompasses a wide range of pain relief treatments for patients who are suffering from a misaligned jaw. Our neuromuscular dentistry procedures involve the correction of misaligned jaws by relaxing the facial muscles and providing long-lasting jaw alignment solutions for our patients. But how exactly do we do this?

HOW IT WORKS

As previously mentioned, neuromuscular dentistry is a type of dentistry that aims to correct misaligned jaws and treat the painful complications that come with them. Often, misaligned jaws are a product of bruxism, a condition involving excessive teeth grinding, or temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, a disorder classified by persistent jaw pain and inhibited movement. At Trillium Dental, our neuromuscular dentists can help these patients and alleviate their symptoms by:

  • Relieving pain and draining lactic acid from facial muscles by relaxing the surrounding facial muscles with a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (TENS) unit.
  • Identifying the condition, disease, or temporary ailment in question, as well as the optimal occlusion (where the facial muscles should be).
  • Taking measurements of the mouth using our Myotronics K7 system in order to make a custom orthotic, which corrects the misaligned jaw over time.
  • Repositioning and retraining the jaw according to the optimal occlusion using the custom orthotic, or mouth guard.
  • Eventually eliminating painful symptoms.

As a family dental clinic, we provide gentle, comprehensive dental care for each of our patients — especially when it comes to neuromuscular dentistry procedures. The process of correcting a misaligned jaw is one that cannot be rushed, so we work with your oral and facial makeup to realign the jaw as naturally and painlessly as possible. The process we use is safe, comfortable, and non-invasive with long-lasting pain relief as the end goal.

SIGNS YOU MIGHT NEED A NEUROMUSCULAR DENTISTRY TREATMENT

Neuromuscular dentistry is only used to provide pain relief and corrections for misaligned jaws and several other conditions of the face and oral cavity, so it’s important to know the signs to look for when seeking treatment. Signs of a misaligned jaw include:

  • Frequent headaches and/or migraines
  • Persistent pain in the neck, jaw, and face
  • Difficulty chewing or speaking
  • Facial muscle spasms
  • Toothaches
  • A cracking or clicking jaw
  • Lockjaw
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Numbness and tingling in the fingertips

It is important not to ignore these signs if you start to notice them, as they can be an indicator of a greater issue such as a misaligned jaw, TMJ dysfunction, bruxism, or a similar condition. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, give your local neuromuscular dentist a call immediately so they can give you the pain relief you need and make a long-lasting, if not permanent jaw correction.

CHOOSE TRILLIUM DENTAL FOR YOUR NEUROMUSCULAR DENTISTRY PROCEDURE

Our dentists at Trillium Dental have treated many patients who suffer from misaligned jaws, and we can provide you with a safe neuromuscular dentistry procedure so you can get back to living a normal, pain-free life. Give us a call today, visit our dental clinic in Ottawa, or request an appointment online!

COSMETIC DENTISTRY 101

COSMETIC DENTISTRY 101

Not many people know what cosmetic dentistry entails or what sets it apart from other specialties within the field of oral health care such as general dentistry, restorative dentistry, neuromuscular dentistry, and sedation dentistry. Cosmetic dentistry is a major part of what we do here at Trillium Dental in Ottawa, and we are proud to have given many patients the beautiful smile they’ve been dreaming of for years.

From administering professional teeth-whitening treatments and contouring gums to providing dental crowns and bridges, we do it all. In this blog post, we will discuss all the different cosmetic dentistry services we offer, as well as what each one aims to accomplish. But first, let’s start with a basic definition of what cosmetic dentistry is and the benefits it has for those who are looking to improve their smile.

WHAT IS COSMETIC DENTISTRY?

Simply put, cosmetic dentistry is a specific kind of dentistry that aims to improve or nearly perfect the appearance of a person’s mouth, teeth, and smile. There are many ways of accomplishing this, and each one depends on the patient’s unique oral structure and own specific needs.

Say you have stained teeth, for example. The appropriate cosmetic procedure would be a professional teeth-whitening service, during which your dentist would safely and effectively apply teeth-whitening gel and an LED light to the stained surface. On the other hand, if you happen to chip or break a tooth or two, porcelain veneers can be applied to seamlessly even out the teeth so no one will ever know they were broken. Either way, cosmetic dentistry can restore your confidence and provide you with a stunning smile in no time!

Given that everyone has a different mouth structure and aesthetic, recent technology has made it possible for a wide range of cosmetic dentistry services and procedures to become available to the public. Here are some of the ones we offer.

TEETH WHITENING

Professional teeth-whitening services are one of the most common types of cosmetic dentistry. At Trillium Dental, we provide both in-office Zoom!® whitening treatments and take-home teeth-whitening kits. Upon visiting our dental clinic for a teeth-whitening treatment, one of our highly skilled dentists will apply Zoom! teeth whitening gel to your teeth in 15-minute increments, and shine a Zoom! light on your teeth to enhance its effectiveness. This safe, non-invasive teeth whitening service is completed in an hour and produces incredible results. If you prefer whitening your teeth in the comfort of your own home, you can also pick up a take-home teeth-whitening kit from our office at any time.

PORCELAIN VENEERS

As previously mentioned, dental veneers are used to cover up broken, chipped, cracked, or otherwise imperfect teeth. At Trillium Dental, we use extremely thin porcelain veneers that can be bonded to the teeth, giving our patients a stunning white smile that looks entirely real. In fact, no one will even notice that your teeth were flawed in any way because our porcelain veneers are strong, long-lasting, and very closely resemble real teeth.

INLAYS & ONLAYS

Another common cosmetic dentistry procedure we offer is the implementation of porcelain cavity fillings, as opposed to traditional metal fillings. No one wants to talk with dark, visible fillings, and we make it possible for no one to ever know. There is no better way to hide the fact that you’ve had cavities than with white fillings that look like part of your real teeth!

SMILE MAKEOVERS

For those who want the full package, we also provide total smile makeovers, complete with any combination of teeth-whitening treatments, porcelain veneers, Invisalign®, dental bridges and crowns, and more. This option is fully customisable and is contingent on each patient’s individual needs.

DENTAL BONDING

Dental bonding refers to the administration of any material to your teeth that is meant to stay. This could mean porcelain veneers, white cavity fillings, or any other kind of permanent or semi-permanent cosmetic dentistry service.

GUM CONTOURING

Some people have gums that, in their opinion, extend too low or rest too high up on their teeth. This can cause them to feel self-conscious and result in them hiding their smile — until they seek a professional gum contouring procedure, that is. For those who have a “gummy smile,” we can even out and remove parts of the gums with a dental laser that is made for these kinds of small, non-invasive procedures. We can also perform gum grafting to add a little more tissue to overly exposed teeth that hardly have any gums.

DENTAL BRIDGES & CROWNS

Last but not least, we also offer dental bridges and crowns for patients with brittle or decayed teeth. During this procedure, we place a temporary crown on the affected teeth to reinforce and protect them while permanent dental crowns are being made. Once we have crafted them from an impression, you will be sent home with better functioning teeth and a better looking smile.

If you are thinking about pursuing a cosmetic dentistry treatment or procedure, request an appointment today! Cosmetic dentistry is one of the most fun parts of our job, and we love helping our patients achieve their best smile.

FACTS ABOUT WISDOM TEETH

Whether you are getting ready for an operation or trying to figure out why they are called wisdom teeth, today’s blog is here to help you explore what wisdom teeth are and how they can impact your life. Here at Trillium Dental, we offer a range of dental services for our clients, ranging from wisdom tooth removal (you’ll see what we mean below) to general check-ups, Invisalign treatment, teeth whitening, and more in general, restorative, and cosmetic dentistry.

WHY ARE WISDOM TEETH CALLED WISDOM TEETH?

Sadly, the wisdom teeth don’t automatically increase your wisdom. The real answer to why this third set of molars is called wisdom teeth has been cracked by linguists. The name comes from the late appearance of these teeth in a person’s life. This third set of molars usually show up during a person’s late teenage years or early twenties. Since this is about the same time that a person reaches adulthood, they seem to mark the point of maturity when people are “wiser”.

MANY PEOPLE DON’T HAVE WISDOM TEETH

This might become a point of jealousy at some point, but wisdom tooth development is a genetic matter and not everyone carries the genes for them. For instance, indigenous Mexican peoples have a 100% rate of not having wisdom teeth, while almost all European or African peoples develop wisdom teeth. Scientists have identified the gene PAX9 plays a big role in the development of wisdom teeth.

WISDOM TEETH ARE KINDA USELESS

Anthropologists theorize that the third set of molars appear because of evolutionary traits from when our ancestors didn’t have fire and ate coarse foods raw like leaves, roots, nuts, and meats. These required another set to spread out the wear on the molars. Today, we have access to fire, good oral hygiene, and proper dental nutrition so we don’t have worry about this. They also have no real impact on your ability to eat, and sometimes don’t even come in right or fit correctly.

WISDOM TEETH CAN CAUSE PROBLEMS

Wisdom teeth can be terribly troublesome and cause a whole gambit of dental and periodontal issues. Even if your wisdom teeth have come in in a healthy manner without complications, it is still common that your dentist will suggest they are removed to prevent later, more expensive issues. Some of the common issues that can occur with the growth of wisdom teeth include:

Pericoronitis: As the tooth erupts (or gets pushed through your gums), it causes discomfort and pain, as well as unpleasant tastes and swelling that can be a bother.

Tooth Decay: Because of how far back they are in your mouth giving them proper hygiene is often times difficult and results in a high rate of cavities, which can lead to Pulpitis where the bacteria from the cavities infect the dental pulp. If untreated, this can cause severe issues in the periodontal structures of the mouth, and limit the livelihood and health of the affected person.

Impaction: Wisdom teeth can become impacted and get stuck resulting in inflammation, pain and discomfort, and potentially dangerous infections. In fact, the impactions can become so severe that some wisdom teeth try to come in sideways where they can damage other teeth and even force them into other positions much like a reverse brace of Invisalign treatment. Even without the risk of infections, this causes severe disruptions to a person’s comfort and livelihood.

Cysts: While impacted wisdom teeth can have cysts form around them as part of an immune reaction that can cause damage to the nerves in your jaw cysts around the upper set of wisdom teeth can cause sinus issues as it pushes into the cavities, including congestion, pain, and pressure.

NOT EVERYONE NEEDS THEIR WISDOM TEETH EXTRACTED

Sometimes extracting them wouldn’t be the best option even if it’s impacted. Though they are commonly removed, sometimes complications can occur where removal can cause potential nerve damage. In all cases, wisdom teeth are important to have checked out by your dentist to figure out what the best option is. Some cases may be referred to an oral surgeon for proper treatment and removal.

We hope that this blog has helped you understand a little bit about the nature of wisdom teeth and how they can affect your health. Here at Trillium Dental, we want to make sure that your health and wellness comes above all else. If you are in the Ottawa area, we provide high-quality and professional dental care from Invisalign treatment to teeth whitening, general checkups, and much more. Contact us today to learn more!

TYPES OF FOODS TO AVOID FOR BETTER DENTAL HEALTH

TYPES OF FOODS TO AVOID FOR BETTER DENTAL HEALTH

We all want to have pristine teeth and gums. It’s a key to good health and as we at Trillium Dental say, “Your mouth says it all!” As dentists and dental professionals, we know that a healthy mouth is a gateway to confidence, better overall health, and a better relationship with your world. More so, we strive to help you keep your mouth healthy inside and outside of our dental offices. We’ve already talked about what foods are best for your dental health and which nutrients are key for good oral health and why. In today’s blog, we will be talking about the worst types of food for your teeth and why they are detrimental to your oral health.

Trillium Dental offers a range of quality, professional dental services in Ottawa including InvisalignⓇ therapy, teeth whitening, and other general, restorative, and cosmetic dentistry. Contact us today to learn more, or for an appointment.

SUGARY FOODS

We’ve been told since we were little that sugary foods are terrible for our teeth, but never exactly why. In a sterile environment, sugar would hardly affect your dental health. But instead, there is a range of bacteria that feed on sugars and then excrete acids as a by-product. These bacteria are so common and resilient that there really isn’t a good way to manage them besides good oral hygiene and not feeding them. The acids that they excrete dissolve the enamel of your teeth and create cavities.

To help prevent the effects of sugary foods on your dental health, drinking water after eating to flush harmful bacteria out is important. In addition, brushing your teeth even after meals to ensure that you have rid your mouth of leftover sugar is important.

STARCHY FOODS AND SIMPLE CARBOHYDRATES

Not only do carbohydrates cause a range of different health concerns, but they also have a similar effect on dental health as sugars as both sugar and carbohydrates break down into triglycerides that the bacteria process and excrete as an acid. Many of the starchiest of foods can easily get stuck between teeth and in tooth ridges causing prolonged damage to the teeth.

STICKY OR CHEWY FOODS

Although there is certainly crossover between these food types, presenting each of these as a separate food category helps us all remember that even among sugars and carbohydrates some are worse than others. Food that sticks in your tooth ridges or between them is a dentist’s nightmare as they leave pockets of food for bacteria to eat and churn out acids that erode and damage your enamel. If you do eat anything sticky that leaves food stuck between your teeth, make sure that you brush out the major deposits and floss between your teeth to remove hidden pockets.

ABSORBENT FOODS

One of the least known bits of oral health trivia is that your saliva is one of the best defenses against oral health issues and damaging bacteria. Saliva helps to wash away bad bacteria, plaque, and to restore key minerals to your tooth enamel. Saliva also helps prevent food from getting stuck to your teeth and acting as a long-term food source for bacteria. Avoiding dehydrating food and beverages, or practicing proper hydration during and after consumption of dehydrating food and drink is important.

HARD FOODS

Like we pointed out in our previous blog, the enamel is hard. In fact, it’s the hardest part of the human body. However, chewing on excessively hard foods can erode the enamel and expose it to further damage from acid creating bacteria. Some of the more common hard foods that erode teeth are ice, hard candies, and uncooked popcorn seeds.

If your diet doesn’t reinforce your enamel or provide the nutrients needed to rebuild enamel, your teeth can weaken and end up breaking on substances softer than ice or hard candy.

We hope that this blog has helped you take a look at the types of food that are the most damaging to your dental and overall health. Remember that the health of your mouth says a lot about the health of the person. That is why at Trillium Dental, we say, “Your mouth says it all.” If you are looking for high-quality, professional dental care in Ottawa, we have several dental offices throughout the city. Contact us to schedule a checkup, teeth whitening, or any other range of dental practices.